Children are most vulnerable to fear and anxiety when they have to be treated for painful dental treatments. Therefore, pediatric sedation dentistry has evolved as a specialized stream of clinical practice which involves clinical understanding of child psychology, medication, sedative dosage blended with the temperament of love and patience. While executing the dental care of children it is imperative to do it in the least invasive manner to avoid harmful side-effects. In most of the cases children are administered with nitrous oxide/oxygen sedation which is popularly known as laughing gas which eases the children to before receiving the dental treatment.
The discipline of pediatric sedation dentistry encourages the dentist to study and gain insights about child psychology and are specially trained with innovative techniques in order to make the child comfortable with the treatment process. For instance it is natural for children to feel scared to see the instruments which are used for extraction, root canal or even other normal dental investigations. Therefore, the pediatric dentists will try to familiarize the child with the tools which will be used for the treatment in a non-clinical manner so as to mitigate their apprehensions and make them feel relaxed with the process. Children also essentially require a calm and gentle treatment and assistance to keep them is proper position during the procedure. Before the modalities start they are given to smell a fragrant nosepiece which is usually the lightest dosage of nitrous oxide gas which does not put them to sleep but induces a restful and easy mood in them. The dentists also try the technique of encouragement and appreciation in order to boost the child’s confidence and feel good factor about the entire process.
Children need special care and pediatric sedation dentistry is all about taking a holistic care while the child is being rendered dental treatment. Ensuring proper safety is also one of the top most priorities of a pediatric dentist while fulfilling the modalities of the treatment. Blood pressure, pulse rate, heart rate, level of oxygen in the blood and breathing quality among others can be very vital variables in the process of clinical observation. Provisioning extra precaution by equipping the clinic with all kinds for sos medications and optimal resources to deal with medical exigencies is also the specialty of an insightful pediatric dentist. Normally, on the day of the treatment the children are advised not to eat or drink anything in the morning barring clear fluids. They are encouraged to play and stay active before the treatment schedule. In case they fall sick it is advisable to reschedule the treatment appointment because sedation in this state may cause nausea among children. After the treatment procedure is over keeping a close watch on your child is advisable because they might feel slightly dizzy for few hours before they completely recover from the effects of the sedation